This is the last stage on the Way of St. James and the vital centre of Lower Navarre. Millennia of history have shaped its capital city Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, often called the "little Basque Venice", giving it the strength to maintain itself and remain authentic. The presence of this path has largely contributed to the Christianization of the region, with architecture and religious art blending together at leisure. Romanesque art in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port with the portal of the former church of Sainte-Eulalie (now a retirement home) and in the church of Saint-Jean-le-Vieux, Gothic art in the church of Notre-Dame-de-Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. Sometimes, in the Basque Country, religious buildings often go hand in hand, a fine example being the curious twin chapels of Bascarran and Alciette, with their almost identical 17th century Romanesque and colourful structures. Guardians of a unique historical heritage and a culture firmly rooted in the soul of its people, it spreads around it, from the dark green of the forests to the brick red of the vineyards: from Saint-Martin-d'Arrossa to Iraty, from Saint-Jean-le-Vieux to Arnéguy. Several nives draw the landscape of this region: the Nive d'Aldudes, the Nive d'Arnéguy (which comes down from Roncesvalles), the Nive de Beherobie (source), for the main ones. Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port is a city of 1,800 inhabitants and a county town of more than 6,300, followed by its neighbour Saint-Jean-le-Vieux: 913 inhabitants. Former pastoral institutions regulate the exploitation of land under the jurisdiction of country unions. The exploitation is pastoral (breeding), forestry (beech), hunting (hunting) and, finally, tourism.

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