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What to see, what to do Greenland?

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Covid-19 : current situation Greenland

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, entry and travel restrictions may apply Greenland. Remember to visit the site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before you leave for the latest information
Practical information for travel Greenland

There's no shortage of ideas when it comes to planning your trip, but there's no shortage of finances. Your stay will depend very much on your budget and therefore on your ambitions on the spot. If you are simply looking for peace and solitude during long walks, in a contemplative spirit of the end of the world, the budget will be more easily amortized unlike a stay enriched with various activities of all kinds whether it is a boat excursion to go observe the glaciers, a helicopter flight over the ice sheet, an arctic safari in search of musk oxen or, why not, a kayak tour to go whale watching. Covered by the ice cap, Greenland can be visited mainly on its coastal areas, which can be divided into four zones as in the chapters of this guide: South (Kujalleq), West (Kitaa), North (Avannaa) and East (Tunu).

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Discover Greenland

Greenland, which has become a symbol par excellence of global warming, but above all the land of the Inuit, often turns out to be a destination adorned with clichés. But are they really? To allow you to get to the heart of the matter before you set foot on it, these files provide an overview of the history of the icy island, its economic and social issues, its cuisine and wildlife that is not limited to seals or whales, its climate that can push the mercury and the periods of brightness to the antipodes, of its struggle to preserve Inuit culture while being resolutely modern, and, above all, of its formidable resilience in the face of the extreme forces of nature... We'll give you a portrait of this land of unique landscapes, culture and hospitality.

Pictures and images Greenland

La capitale mondiale des icebergs. Koonyongyut
Renne au Groenland kjekol
Chiens de traineaux, Groenland RubyRascal
Velage des icebergs. Erik_de_Jong

The 12 keywords Greenland

1. #Northern Lights


When huge, moving, striated patches of light appear in the sky, the magic of the Northern Lights strikes the Earth with its green and red colours. This spectacle, visible across the country between September and March, is the result of the collision of atoms and ions in the ionosphere with other particles in the magnetosphere.


2. #Whale


Greenland is home to no less than... fifteen species of whales! During the summer season between May and August, it is easier to observe the humpback whale, Minke whale or fin whale. You can send your photo to the Institute of Nature to help the researchers but also to learn which whale you saw.


3. #Night


Today, an estimated 89% of Greenland's population is of Inuit origin, making Greenland the largest Inuit stronghold in the Arctic world. The term Inuit is preferable to the term Eskimo, which was given by the settlers. Although the other inhabitants of the island are mostly Danish, the Inuit culture is still predominantly present.


4. #Iceberg


Greenland is the land of icebergs thanks to its ice cap, which, in a constant state of change and movement, produces thousands of icebergs every year. They are present in all Greenland waters, but the areas around Ilulissat and Uummannaq are particularly famous for their huge icebergs.


5. #Inlandsis


Also known as an ice sheet, the Greenland Ice Sheet is the second largest mass of ice on Earth after Antarctica. The dimensions of this cap are impressive, covering 1,710,000 km2, or 80% of Greenland, and stretching 2,400 km long between 60°N and 84°N. Infinite whiteness..


6. #Kayak


It is one of the most traditional practices of ancient Inuit society. In the past, the qajaq was used for hunting and fishing; this is still the case for some hunters. Some towns have kayak clubs, sometimes with demonstrations where some people turn over in their boats in icy water ..


7. #Polar Bear


A symbol of power par excellence in the Arctic world, the polar bear (nanoq) is also used on the national coat of arms of Greenland. It lives in the northernmost parts of West Greenland, but it can also be seen elsewhere. However, it is rare for locals or tourists to see a live polar bear.


8. #Phoque

The island is home to five different species of seals that can be seen everywhere, with ringed, harp and hooded seals being the most common. Seals are synonymous with the culture of harp hunting but beware, nowhere are baby seals killed. Avoid unpleasant remarks in reference to Brigitte Bardot!

9. #Climate


Greenland is generally associated with the burning debates on global warming because of its ice cap, which contains 10% of the world's freshwater reserves and is melting at an exponential rate. If there are still huge quantities of ice to be admired on site and for future generations, we just need to know until when?


10. #Midnight Sun

The polar day is a time of year when the sun does not go below the horizon. This phenomenon takes place from March to September beyond the Arctic Circle. Thus on June 21, the day of the summer solstice, the sun remains constantly visible. There is the opposite in winter, namely the polar night. A disconcerting experience!


11. #Dog sledding

The local means of transport and winter hunting for centuries! Recently, it has also become a leisure activity for locals and tourists. Arctic temperatures and several meters of snow can't compete with the incredible sensations that warm your soul during your dog sledding excursions .


12. #Viking

South Greenland was settled by the Vikings in the 980s with the arrival of Erik the Red, who named the country "green-land", because of the agricultural land but mainly to attract new settlers. Magnificent ruins classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2017 can be seen throughout the region. A must!


You are from here, if...

You often say "Immaqa! ", literally" maybe, we'll see! "This word sums up the soul of Greenlanders who are used to coping with the recurring upheavals generated by the climate.

You consider yourself a "Kalaallisut" inhabitant. This term designates both the official language of the country and the national costume, but above all it is used by the locals who call themselves "Kalaallit" (and not Inuit).

You regularly go to a Kaffemik (literally "with coffee") to celebrate a birthday, a birth, a baptism or any other happy event!

You often go hunting or fishing. As a matter of survival in ancient times, these practices remain strongly rooted in Greenlandic culture. The first catch is a great event celebrated at a kaffemik!

You are strongly attached to your traditions while being modern and connected. No more clichés about Greenlanders dressed in bearskin and living in an igloo!


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