It's a tiny island of 35 square miles that looks like a boot. It is located between São Nicolau in the east and São Vicente in the north. The distance between it and these two islands is about 10 km. Santa Luzia was declared a public heritage site in 1990 and is considered an important nature reserve in Cape Verde.

Its highest peak is Monte Topona, located in the centre of the island and reaching a height of 395m. The South is fairly flat with dunes and beaches, while the North is more rugged with cliffs that plunge into the sea.

This island is uninhabited today after having welcomed a family of about twenty people about thirty years ago. Francisco da Cruz, also known as "the governor of Santa Luzia", lived there with his wife and children. It is said that in the 19th century some farmers tried to settle there. Lack of water made them run away.

It is strictly forbidden for tourists to come to the island of Santa Luzia (this is also the case for the islets of Branco and Raso). Today, only fishermen and the environmental protection NGO Biosfera (100% Cape Verdean) come there from time to time. It really is what we call a desert island like very few in the world.

To the east of Santa Luzia are the two islets Branco (3 km²) and Raso (7 km²), where many species of birds take refuge, including the famous Raso's lark, which can only be found on the islet of the same name.

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