CITADEL OF THE CASTLE OF OLERON
Petit Futé's opinion on CITADEL OF THE CASTLE OF OLERON
A military structure designed to protect the southern part of the island of Oleron, the citadel was built in 1630. Noting the weaknesses of the structure, the chief engineer Vauban decided in 1685 to create two horned works. The work began three years later and required thousands of men. Some 7,000 workers, including salt workers from Dolus and Saint-Trojan, worked on the construction. Many of them lost their lives due to fatigue and the harshness of the winter. Several times reinforced to prevent English incursions, the citadel was converted into a prison during the revolutionary period. Bombed by the Allies, the building requires a major restoration which has been carried out since the 1980s. The ramparts offer a superb view, early in the morning when the oyster farmers leave on their boats, or late in the evening at sunset. The Poudrière Saint-Nicolas houses the relief plan of the commune of Château-d'Oléron (a copy of the one given to Louis XIV in 1703). The Royal and La Brèche bastions host numerous exhibitions from May to September: painting, sculpture... The Arsenal building, restored to its original form with elegance, hosts shows all year round with its 300-seat theatre, as well as seminars and conferences. On the first floor, a large room, with a view of the sea, can accommodate 300 guests for your weddings and receptions. The entire building is accessible, with two lifts.
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