The Essentials of Berlin

The third most visited city in Europe, the German capital is, with its 3.5 million inhabitants, in permanent transformation. After the fall of the Wall in 1989, Berlin regained its role as the political capital of a reunited Germany. The city is also the European arty reference. East Berlin has a unique effervescence where concepts are made and broken down. A vibrant city that remains a first-class historical destination. From the Island to the Museums to the Brandenburg Gate and places of remembrance such as the Holocaust Memorial, Berlin is both creative and modern and steeped in history.

Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor)

This is Berlin's most emblematic monument! Built between 1788 and 1791, the Brandenburg Gate is the last rescuer of the 18 Berlin doors. Located in the old West Berlin, its neoclassical architecture is inspired by the Propylés of the Acropolis of Athens. The king of Prussia, Frédéric Guillaume II, was looking for an ideal architecture to highlight Unter den Linden Avenue. At the top of the building stands the quadrige, representation of the goddess of Victory. During the Cold War, the Brandenburg Gate symbolized the division of the city. Visitors to the west were on the platform to look across the Iron Curtain. The Brandenburg Gate now means the reunification of the country. Such a powerful symbol that it even appears on the German coins of 10, 20 and 50 cents.

Holocaust Memorial

In Mitte's neighborhood, not far from the Brandenburg Gate, the Memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe stands. This package is dedicated to Jews victims of genocide perpetrated by the Nazis: The Shoah. Work of architect Peter Eisenmann, the Holocaust Memorial was inaugurated in 2005. On a surface of 19,000 m 2, 2,711 stalls are located at the location of the Goebbels bunker. These large concrete blocks are both a huge cemetery and a labyrinth, symbolizing the sadness and anguish of the Jewish people. The stalls are all of different sizes and the soil is deliberately unequal. The more visitors get into the Memorial, the more austere the atmosphere is. Germany is signing a work of memory.

Museum Island

Culture lovers will have to satisfy their envy with one island: five museums! Classified as UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Island Island site was built between 1824 and 1930. On this small island of the river Spree, direction the famous Pergamonmuseum archeological museum, the Neues Museum and the Buste de Néfertiliti, or the Bode Museum. Everything is to be seen! Most works come from the private collections of the Prussian royal family. The Pergamonmuseum attracts more than a million visitors every year from all over the world. The latter come to admire Pergaman Grand Altar, Milet Market Gate and Ishtar Gate. UNESCO defines this island as: " An outstanding example in a central urban environment of the Ideal of Enlightenment to make art accessible to the greatest number. "

Alexanderplatz

In the 17th century, Alexanderplatz was only a cattle market, then a wool market, called the Oschenmarkt. In 1805, during the visit of Tsar Alexander I, this market was renamed Alexanderplatz. The "Alex" for the Berliners was the centre of the former East Berlin, the showcase of the GDR communist regime. Today, this immense square is the nerve centre of the city. Metro, bus, tram... All transport passes through Alex. While it owns Berlin's largest shopping centre, Alexa, it is also famous for its monuments, emblems of socialist aesthetics

Charlottenburg Castle

It is the largest and most beautiful residence in Berlin. Built at the end of the 17th century by Frederick III, Charlottenburg Castle was originally the summer residence for Sophie-Charlotte of Hanover. When he became King of Prussia, Frederick I of Prussia decided to enlarge the castle. The latter took the name Charlottenburg when his wife died. All generations then modulate the castle to suit their tastes. Inside, the old wing, the oldest part of the castle, contains the rooms of Sophie-Charlotte and Frederic I. The new wing allows visitors to discover Frederick the Great's collection of paintings and the Shinkel Pavilion, which hosts temporary exhibitions of contemporary art. Visiting Charlottenburg is also a detour to its English garden.

Gendarmenmarkt

This is undoubtedly the most beautiful place in the capital. Renowned for its atmosphere of old Berlin, Gendarmenmarkt offers visitors a discovery of the city in the time of the kings of Prussia. It was in 1700 that this place began. King Fréderic 1 st wanted a neighborhood for French Protestants, expelled. His name 'the people of arms'came from the regiment that was set up on the square. Renowned for its architectural richness, Gendarmenmarkt is known for its two cathedrals. One German: Deutscher Dom. The other French: Franzosischer Dom. Another incredible monument: The Konzerthaus, an emblematic concert hall in Berlin. In the center of the square is a statue of the great poet Friedrich Schiller.

Potsdamer Platz

This is the image of urban renewal that is transforming Berlin! Long before the Cold War, the Potsdamez Platzwas one of the most important European convergence centres. During the Second World War, this square was the victim of intensive bombardments. Located in the middle of the demarcation between East and West Berlin, Potsdamer Platz was a kind of no-man's-land, designed to discourage escapes to the FRG (West Berlin). Since the fall of the Wall, there have been many initiatives to bring this historic place back to life. Today, we feel like we're in some kind of parallel city. On one side the Sony Center, on the other side the Marlene Dietrich Platz. The 68,000 m2 city appears to be surreal. Everything has been built with special materials, in copper shades, specially designed for the square. Its construction made it the largest construction site in Europe.

East Side Gallery

A real open-air museum, East Side Gallery is nothing more than a piece, still standing, of the old Berlin Wall. Located in the former East Berlin, on the edge of Mühlenstrasse, it is the largest open-air art gallery in the world. Over 1.3 km, there are more than 100 paintings. When the wall fell in 1989, artists from all over the world came to immortalize the fall of the Soviet regime. Paintings were already the main attraction on the west side of the wall, today, the rest of the block is dressed in a thousand colours. Some works are well known such as Dmitri Vrubel's Kiss of Friendship between Enick Honecker and Leonid Brezhnev or Birgit Kinder's Trabant. The paintings reflect Berlin's bohemian personality, a kind of surrealist images, pacifist statements, mixed with political messages

The Reichstag Palace

Built between 1884 and 1894, the Reichstag Palace was, during the Second Empire, the seat of the Reich (the Assembly). In the style of the great Italian Renaissance, the monument was partially destroyed by fire in 1933, just one month after the beginning of the Third Reich. During the Second World War, the palace was totally destroyed by bombardments. It was not until 1970 that it was completely restored. The Reichstag was completely transformed, the original dome was rebuilt, this time more modern. The central cone brings light into the meeting rooms. This glass roof also symbolizes the transparency that must prevail in an assembly. The motto, inscribed on the front of the palace, emphasizes the importance of the nation: "Dem Deutschen Volke" (To the German people). The Reichstag Palace is open to visitors, who can enjoy an exceptional view of the capital from the top of the dome

Church of Remembrance

As the symbolic centre of West Berlin, the Church of Remembrance sees itself as a memorial of peace and reconciliation. Built between 1891 and 1895 in memory of Emperor William I, the Church was destroyed in 1945 by aerial bombardments in April. It was not until 1956 that the renovation was carried out. A consolidation, all in glass, was then created. Composed of 20,000 blue glass blocks, the Berliners give it the name "Poudrier. "The interior is just as surprising. In the centre, a golden Christ floats above the altar. The Memorial Church contains a Russian Orthodox cross and the famous Madonna of Stalingrad, made by Kurt Reuber in 1942. With its gutted silhouette, this church is a symbol of Berlin's heavy past and the city's duty to remember.

Le Botanischer Garten

Au sud de Berlin, le Botanischer Garten est un paradis bucolique où poussent plus de 20 000 types de plantes florales venues du monde entier. Un véritable voyage attend les visiteurs à toutes les saisons, notamment dans la Viktoriahaus qui abrite des roses amazoniennes grâce à son climat chaud et humide. Tout au long de la visite, on en apprend beaucoup sur l'intérêt médicinal de certaines plantes, ou bien leur usage au fil de l'histoire. 

Badeschiff

La Badeschiff est certainement l'une des piscines les plus originales d'Europe. Entre les entrepôts d'une ancienne gare ferroviaire, le bassin de la Badeschiff se trouve au bout d'une péniche et donne directement dans la Spree. Les baigneurs ont donc l'impression de nager dans le fleuve, en bénéficiant d'une eau propre et purifiée ! On y trouve aussi une petite plage où il fait bon venir déguster des cocktails quand les beaux jours arrivent. 

La Fernsehturm

Quelle est cette tour gigantesque qui crève le ciel berlinois ? La Fernsehturm n'est rien d'autre que la tour de la télévision. Édifiée à la fin des années 1960, elle culmine à 365 m et s'impose comme un symbole du communisme. Visible à de nombreux kilomètres, c'est un repère très pratique lorsque l'on se perd dans Berlin. Sa plateforme d'observation située à 203 m est accessible aux visiteurs, on y trouve aussi un restaurant et un bar avec vue panoramique. 

Checkpoint Charlie

Symbole de la division de Berlin entre secteur russe et secteur américain, le poste-frontière de Checkpoint Charlie a aujourd'hui pris des allures d'attraction touristique où il est possible de se faire photographier aux côtés de faux soldats. Le musée Haus am Checkpoint Charlie est toutefois très intéressant : il retrace la construction du mur en se basant sur de nombreux témoignages d'époque. Très dense, il propose aux visiteurs de s'interroger sur la notion de paix dans le monde et le respect des droits de l'Homme.  

Mauerpark

Mauerpark est un incontournable pour découvrir l'ambiance berlinoise. Ce grand espace de verdure est le point de rencontre des artistes ( les graffeurs viennent notamment s'exprimer sur un très grand mur qui leur est réservé), mais aussi des jeunes et des familles qui viennent y pique-niquer. Le dimanche, c'est l'effervescence lorsque le marché aux puces s'installe. Vous y trouverez des trésors revendus à de bons prix par les habitants du quartier. Un karaoké est aussi organisé dans le parc. C'est l'endroit idéal pour un dimanche de détente !  

Manger un currywurst

Le currywurst est la spécialité berlinoise par excellence. Cette saucisse recouverte de ketchup, de curry et accompagnée de frites à la mayonnaise pourrait sembler indigeste, pourtant c'est un délice !  Vous trouverez des imbiss partout à Berlin, notamment au pied des stations de métro. Et si la passion pour cette saucisse vous prend, sachez qu'il existe même un musée consacré au currywurst à Mitte. Au fil de ses allées à la décoration un peu kitsch, on apprend l'histoire de ce plat et, dès la sortie, on se rue sur le premier imbiss

Le parc de Tiergarten

Poumon vert de Berlin, le parc de Tiergarten s'étend sur 210 ha, au cœur de la ville, dans Mitte. C'est l'endroit idéal pour se ressourcer, se promener ou faire du vélo en compagnie des Berlinois. Tiergarten est traversé par de longues avenues où ont lieu concerts et autres marchés aux puces chaque week-end. On trouve aussi dans le parc l'émouvant mémorial dédié aux homosexuels persécutés durant la période nazie. À l'intérieur de ce grand bloc de béton est diffusé en permanence un court-métrage représentant deux hommes qui s'embrassent. 

Le Friedrichstadtpalast

Le Friedrichstadtpalast est la plus grande scène du monde. Ce théâtre de revue n'a rien à envier aux meilleurs shows de Las Vegas : plumes et paillettes en mettent plein les yeux lors d'adaptations de grands succès des années 1920 remis au goût du jour. Construit en 1984, le Friedrichstadtpalast est à la pointe de la technologie et propose des spectacles de haute volée. Il n'est pas nécessaire de comprendre l'allemand pour y assister puisque les shows sont principalement visuels. 

Kurfürstendamm, shopping et souvenir

Kurfürstendamm, c'est un peu les Champs-Elysées berlinois. Le long des 3,5 km de cette avenue reliant la Breitscheidplatz au quartier de Grunewald alternent boutiques de luxe, restaurants, palaces et théâtres. De jour comme de nuit, cette avenue attire bon nombre de visiteurs. On se rendra notamment sur la Kurfürstendamm pour son église du Souvenir, un chef-d’œuvre de l'architecture néoromantique, bombardée durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale et conservée en l'état. 

Le musée de Pergame

Il s'agit sans doute de l'un des musées archéologiques les plus importants du monde. Le Pergamonmuseum, situé dans une monumentale réplique de l'autel de Pergame, fut édifié en 1930 suite à des fouilles allemandes dans de nombreux sites antiques. Sa collection unique d'art islamique et du Moyen-Orient est impressionnante. Parmi les pièces les plus remarquables, la porte d'Ishtar ( une des huit portes de la cité de Babylone ) ou bien la façade du palais de Mshatta. 

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