391 km from Colombo. The road goes through Moneragala, Pottuvil and Panama. The park, which closed from 1985 to 2003 due to the war, was extremely affected by the 2004 tsunami.
Although the park has been officially designated as Kumana National Park since 2006, we will maintain in this edition its name, still the most common one among your contacts, of Yala East.
Like the Ruhuna National Park, Yala East is renowned for the variety of wildlife characteristic of the tropical dry forest zone. As a result, large mammals such as elephants and leopards can also be found there. However, in the south-eastern part of the park, mangroves and lagoons are abundant and provide particularly important habitat for the 255 bird species found in the park. Tens of thousands of them migrate here every year. That's the real wealth of Yala East. Boat rentals are available in Kumana.
The climatic conditions of Yala East are similar to those encountered in the north of Ruhuna National Park. The average temperature is 27°C and 1,300 mm of precipitation is measured annually.
The park is rich in cultural heritage. There are caves at the base of the rocky outcrops, some with rock inscriptions dating from the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. In Bambaragastalawa, a 9 m statue of the reclining Buddha was discovered, unfortunately in ruins, in a cave in the open air.
Bowattagala is an ancient monastic site. Kudumbigala and Lenama, on the outskirts of the park, were once the hunting grounds of the Nittaewo, the legendary pygmies, sworn enemies of the Veddhas.
The must-see places in Yala East (Kumana) National Park
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