The palace, located at the end of the esplanade of Plaza España, overlooks its austere façade the Ozama River. It was built between 1511 and 1514 on the model of a similar building located in Salamanca, Spain. It was the first fortified palace built by the Spanish colonizers, and the only known residence of a member of the Columbus family. Three generations succeeded, beginning with Diego Colón, son of the Grand Admiral, then vice-king of the colony and successor to Governor general Nicolás de Ovando. It was necessary for the new vice-king of India and his young wife, Maria de Toledo, niece of the king of Spain, a palace worthy of their rank. Santo Domingo began to take shape and construction grew. To take charge of this monumental construction, an architect, whose identity was forgotten, came especially from Spain. 1 500 indigenous people were recruited on this site and built this building from coral rocks pulled off the shores of the river Ozama, with the hammer, the margin and the saw. The style of the building is mainly Gothic and Arabic with some features from the Renaissance, such as the arcades. Technical prowess, the construction of the 55 pieces (only 22 still exists today) and the 72 doors and windows of the Alcazar was made without one nail. During his great looting of 1586, the English pirate Francis Drake was soupconné to steal most of the valuables from the palace. The building was subsequently abandoned over the centuries and fell rapidly into ruins. Evidence exists that this place, formerly the symbol of Spanish power, was used to seal cattle in the th century. It was only in 1870 that he was declared a national monument to preserve his ruins. Its renovation took place between 1955 and 1957 on the orders of the Dominican Government.
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