Built by Galeazzo II Visconti in 1358, the Sforza Castle was successively the place of residence of the lords of Milan, the Visconti and the Sforza, a military barracks and a hospital. Under Ludovico Sforza, he said Moro (1452-1508), his courtyard became one of the most famous in Italy, the attraction of the most important artists of the Renaissance. Having crossed several vicissitudes, Napoleon I ordered destruction because of his decay. Fortunately, this project was replaced by a large redevelopment company which gave rise to the present circular boulevard around the castle, the Foro Bonaparte. Once again saved by the architect Luca Beltrami, he restored the whole building in 1893. The Castello welcomes an exceptional museum of museum with several masterpieces.
Archeological Museum (basement). Two sections, the first dedicated to Prehistory, the second to ancient Egypt. Apart from some interesting pieces, we prefer the collections of the other museums of Castello.
Ancient art museum (ground floor). He surprises with his 1950 s museography: A host of sculptures interact directly with the visitor. A journey through the history of the city where the visit begins with the symbolic passage under the Pusterla urbica (xiv century) which once marked Milan's entrance on the Contrada dei Fabbri, towards the present Porta Ticinese. Not to miss, the funeral monument of Bernabo 'Viconti (xivth century) surmounted from its equestrian statue, and the gating of Gaston de Foix, works of 1523 in pure Renaissance style.
Sala delle Asse (ground floor). Leonardo da Vinci, invited to the Milanese court by Ludovic le Maure, realized the decoration of this hall in 1498. Mysterious, the decor fully covers the arched ceiling of vigorous branches of berry, morus in Latin, of obvious tribute to the illustrious sponsor.
Pietà Rondanini (ground floor). Michelangelo's ultimate work is the most important piece of all the Castello collections. This unfinished sculpture, realized in 1564, signs the will of an old Michelangelo. Although still at the sketch state, the expressiveness and sensitivity of the rendering are here at their height. Avachi, the body of Christ supported by Mary is seized at the moment when he seems to overcome death; a reference to the resurrection of the right initially destined for the Roman tomb of Michelangelo himself.
Museo del Mobile (first floor). More than 200 pieces of furniture covering six centuries of history, amounts sculpted from Renaissance times to Ettore Sottsass's creations.
Pinacoteca (first floor). The Pinacothèque welcomes works from half the fifteenth century to the vedutis of the Venetians Canaletto and Guardi (eighteenth century), with some good surprises including Mantegna's paintings (Virgin in glory between Saints Jean-Baptiste, Grégoire the Grand, Benoît and Jérôme, 1499) 7), Antonello da Messina (San Benedetto, 1470) and Giovanni Bellini (Virgin to the Child, 1460).
Museum of musical instruments. Here is retained (on the first floor) a rich collection of string, wind and keyboard instruments from all ages.
Decorative Arts Museum (first and second floors). Exhibition of applied arts with a superb collection of ceramics. Unavoidable, Trivulzio Tapestries, Renaissance masterpieces illustrating the twelve months of the year (1480-1530).
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