Neuf-Brisach is one of the fourteen Vauban fortifications proposed by Jacques Chirac in January 2007 to be listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. At its 32nd session on 7 July 2008, the World Heritage Committee decided to inscribe the Vauban fortifications on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It was between 1698 and 1703 that Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, a great specialist in poliorcetics - the technique of siege of cities - supervised the construction of Neuf-Brisach, the aim being to fortify the French bank after France returned Breysach to Austria, as required by the Treaty of Ryswick signed in 1697. Vauban opted for flat, slightly marshy terrain to carry out his mission. Its sandstone construction forms a perfect octagon with eight bastions and, in the shape of a star, a triple rampart, the interior dedicated to defence, the other two to attack. Hardouin-Mansart, the architect of Versailles, designed the imposing access gates. A canal was dug to transport 90,000 m3 of sandstone from the Vosges quarries. Neuf-Brisach was organised into forty-eight residential blocks within a checkerboard layout, with the Place d'Armes forming the heart of this organisation. In 1870, and again in 1945, the town was almost entirely destroyed, except... the work of Vauban who resisted the bombs. Until 1992, a garrison continued to give the site a military-to-military atmosphere. The ramparts can be visited on foot and it takes three quarters of an hour to walk the 2.4 km, a walk that will take you from the Porte de Colmar to the Porte de Belfort. Note that since 2007, a lighting system called "Vauban under the stars" invites you to take a night walk.

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