The ruins of the city, erected by the Quilmes Indians, were partially restored in the 1970s. The settlement is believed to date from the 9th century. The Quilmes belonged to the linguistic and cultural group of the Diaguitas, also present in the valley of San Augustin del Valle Fértil (Cuyo). The Quilmes built their town on terraces, clinging to the mountain and in such a way as to be able to foresee any possible attack from the plain. The Quilmes had the reputation of being fierce warriors, and the Spaniards paid the price. The Indians fought for decades against the Spanish settlers who landed in the middle of the 16th century. Once defeated, the Quilmes Indians were deported to the present suburbs of Buenos Aires.
The place in question today is a town called Quilmes, whose national beer factory (the most widespread in the country) spreads this once dreaded name. This posthumous homage may seem dubious; all the more so as there is not a single survivor of the Indians, victims of mistreatment and imprisonment, unbearable for warriors. The walls have been partially rebuilt. As you approach the site, you can feel a slight hint of disappointment. It is by climbing that one can enjoy a general view and understand the configuration of the site.
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