Résultats Monuments Saint-Petersburg (Санкт-Петербург)

Petit Futé's opinion on FORTRESS STONE-AND-PAUL

Vintage plate 2020

This is where it all started for SPB, on the Île aux Lièvres where this fort and the Romanov cathedral-crypt stood

Like the Kremlin in Moscow, the Peter and Paul Fortress was the first building around which St. Petersburg was built. But, unlike the Kremlin, its primary vocation was almost exclusively military and not political (the Senate was only established there from 1712 to 1715). When Peter the Great laid the foundations on the small island of Zayatchiy (Hare Island) on 16 (or 27) May 1703 - the date chosen as the date of the city's foundation - it was to counter the Swedish threat. Hare Island, a small island on Petrogradskaya Island, is a sort of small enclave, protected to the south and west by the Neva River (particularly wide at this location), and to the north and east by impassable swamps. In less than a year, Peter the Great succeeded in the feat of building an impressive military structure whose thick ramparts, forming an irregular hexagon advancing like a bow at the confluence of the Neva and the Petite Neva, are able to dissuade the enemy.

Peter the Great spared neither his efforts nor his men to build this monumental complex, which includes the ramparts, several outbuildings and especially the grandiose Peter and Paul Cathedral. Tens of thousands of men worked and died on the gigantic construction site during the seven years it took to give the citadel its final appearance.

The Italian architect Domenico Trezzini was entrusted with the management of the work, and he is closely monitoring its progress. In 1703, the first fortress was built of earth and wood. This foundation symbolizes the beginning of the construction of St. Petersburg, even though the banks around the fortress were then deserted.

The pace of construction was particularly fast, as work began in May and was completed in October. Several thousand men lost their lives. In 1706, the first installations gave way to stone, but it would take another four years for the citadel as we know it today, with its impressive dimensions, to emerge from the ground. The citadel follows the contours of the Ile aux Lièvres, that is to say that of a stretched hexagon. Some 700 m of walls, 2.50 m to 4 m thick, stretch along the Neva; the dark red wall, whose design owes much to Vauban, is flanked by six bastions, three in the north, on the small Kronwerk canal, and three in the south, on the Neva. The most important is naturally the Emperor's bastion; the other five bastions bear the names of the Czar's relatives, Menchikov, Golukin, Zotov, Narychkin, Troubetskoi.

But this fortress has never had to withstand a siege! It saw fire only once: on October 25, 1917, when its cannons fired shells on the Winter Palace, reaching right in the heart of the tsarist regime that gave birth to it... On the other hand, from 1718 it served as a political prison. The first prisoner was Alexis, the son of Peter the Great, accused of having plotted against his father... There followed many "illustrious" prisoners such as the writers Radichtchev and Dostoyevsky, Princess Tarakanova, democrats, socialists, Lenin's brother Alexander Ulyanov, and the anarchist Bakunin, not forgetting some members of Kerensky's provisional government, the sailors of Kronsdtadt, and some members of the Romanov imperial family.

The ramparts, 20 m thick and 12 m high, housed troops and artillery stores.

St. John's Gate (where the date 1740 indicates the end of the construction of the fortifications) is located in the axis of the Petrovsky Gates, which pierce the eponymous curtain wall to the east. This first main entrance, originally built in wood by the architect Trezzini in 1708, affirms with great allegories the invincibility of St. Petersburg, placed under the protection of celestial forces. Due to Osner, the bas-relief The Defeat of King Simon by the Apostle Peter symbolizes the victorious struggle of Peter the Great against the Swedish King Charles XII. The same bas-relief shows the plan of the first Peter and Paul Church, the foundations of which were laid on 29 June 1703 and which was replaced in 1712 by a monumental cathedral with a bell tower topped by a golden spire. You also see the two-headed eagle, the symbol of imperial Russia.

Of the six gates of the fortress, only the Nevsky Gates, dating from 1730-1740, overlook the Neva River. The southern facade, which opens onto the river, was designed by the architect Lvov. These gates have been called "the gates of death". Under their arch, where the dates of the great floods that struck the city (1824, 1924, 1777, 1975, 1752, and 1788) can be read, the prisoners of the fortress, sentenced to death or imprisonment, passed through. The occupants reached the city by the Nevskaya or Komendantskaya quay, in winter sleighs would venture out onto the frozen Neva River. From the quay there is a beautiful view of the Neva: you can see the Zimniaya Kanavka, where in the 1710s the first Peter's Winter Palace was built, and later the Winter Palace of Bartolomeo Rastrelli, the fifth palace of the Russian Tsars on the banks of the Neva. The tsars crossed the Neva at solemn moments to attend mass at the Petropavlovsky (Peter and Paul) Cathedral.

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Opening time and information on FORTRESS STONE-AND-PAUL

Territory of Hare Island accessible 7 days a week from 6am to 9pm; Fortress enclosure from 10am to 8pm (museum closed on Wednesdays).

Members' reviews on FORTRESS STONE-AND-PAUL

21 reviews
4.3/5
Value for money
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Originality
Odri_dri
4/5
Visited in october 2019
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Visiter la forteresse Pierre et Paul permet de se promener dans des coins un peu plus tranquilles de St Petersbourg, dont sur la fameuse plage de la Neva, en octobre l'endroit est agréable, loin de l'afflux des touristes ! Impressionnant coup de canon à 12h.
Pat44210
5/5
Visited in november 2019
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Visite de la forteresse et de la Prison
Visite à faire avec la cathédrale avec les tombeaux , ne pas oublier d'y écouter les chants russe par un cœur de quatre chanteur dont les voix sont magnifiques. Il y a de nombreux autres visites à faire à l'intérieur de ces murs.
Michel 64
4/5
Visited in july 2019
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Forteresse Pierre-et-Paul
C'est de là que tout est parti en 1703. Très belle exemple d'architecture militaire du début du XVIII°. La visite de cette citadelle ménage de belles vues sur St Petersbourg. Y être à 12h00 permet d'assister à une petite cérémonie (coup de canon).
faitmaison2
5/5
Visited in july 2019
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site incontournable
Visite à ne pas manquer. Site très touristique. La flèche surmontant la cathédrale domine la ville.
L'intérieur de la cathédrale est à couper le souffle. Magnifique iconostase. La cathédrale à la particularité d'abriter les tombeaux de la famille dynastique des Romanov et de mieux comprendre l'histoire impériale de la Russie.
loublou
5/5
Visited in december 2018
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Forteresse
Ancienne ville historique de Saint Petersbourg. Un monument remarquable à visiter. Les rempart offrent une vue surprenante sur la ville et son fleuve. Pendant l'hiver vous pourrez peut-être croiser des baigneurs d'eau glaciale.
arwenbriseis
4/5
Visited in october 2018
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Originality
Pour une vue sur l'Ermitage, encore !
Joli quartier avec de belles églises, toujours ! Mais le must reste la vue offerte sur l'Ermitage et la Neva.
Barnabs
5/5
Visited in august 2018
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Incontournable de Saint Pétersbourg ! Je vous recommande le coup de canon à midi pile, l’an cathédrale et le peut-être moins connu musée des moteurs de fusées et de l’espace.
Pauline1005
4/5
Visited in september 2018
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Originality
La forteresse Pierre et Paul permet de faire une jolie ballade à plusieurs points de vue:
- faire le tour des remparts et admirer la Neva
- visiter les nombreux musées qui en font partie, mais surtout l'église dans laquelle repose les Romanov
- écouter le chant particulier des cloches de cette fameuse église
- circuler à l'intérieur et se croire un peu hors du temps
nimar42
4/5
Visited in june 2018
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La forteresse est un endroit magnifique,elle raconte l'histoire de la ville saint pétersbourg et on y trouve le tombeau des romanov.Ce lieu offre une magnifique perspective sur la Neva.
Mimi1753
3/5
Visited in june 2018
Value for money
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Originality
La forteresse est belle vue de la Neva en bateau. A l'intérieur l'église renferme des tombeaux imposants. Un peu décevant par rapport aux autres monuments.
tivoli
5/5
Visited in january 2018
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Originality
La forteresse comprends plusieurs musées très inintéressants. Il y a une très beau panorama de la Neva et la cathédrale qui abrite les tombeaux des tsars.
Attention si vous prenez un ticket groupé (plusieurs visites) des musées peuvent être fermés et vous n'êtes pas remboursé.
JaneK18
5/5
Visited in august 2017
Value for money
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Originality
Petropavlovskaya Krepost' (Fortress) - c'est l'endroit d'où Pétersbourg a commencé à être créé. Maintenant, dans la forteresse, il y a plusieurs musées intéressants à visiter. En outre, vous devez marcher à travers la forteresse et voir le panorama de la rivière Neva et les palais le long de la rivière - une vue incroyablement belle!
En été, vous pourrez vous détendre sur la plage de la forteresse ou vous promener dans les ruelles.
glwadys
5/5
Visited in january 2018
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Originality
Plage pour se promener autour de la forteresse et profiter de la vue sur la ville, très bel endroit. A midi pile, ne loupez pas le coup de canon, impressionnant. Plusieurs musées à l'intérieur.
an.m
4/5
Visited in june 2017
Value for money
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Originality
Cette forteresse renferme les tombeaux de nombreux tsars, elles est dominée par la flëche de la cathédrale St Pierre & Paul.
C-Line69
4/5
Visited in september 2016
Value for money
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Originality
Lieu le plus ancien de Saint Petersbourg. Une plage est aménagées sur un bord de la forteresse. L'entrée est librement accessible au fort, cependant, il faut payer pour entrer dans chaque site.

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