Who will dare say that he never dreamed of going to Venice? Magic floats in the air like gondoles on canals. Built on 118 islands connected by almost 400 bridges, the Sérénissim is unique in the world. Inscribed in the heritage of humanity by UNESCO, the city of Doges, lying on the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy and intended to be the intersection between East and West, has other assets than its only enchanting setting. " The unreal character creates enchantment and myth, "says Fernand Braudel, and, in truth, we cannot be wrong…
San Marco is its symbol and we come from all over the world to discover this museum in open skies with hidden treasures. Lost in the alleys of Castello or Cannaregio is going to meet the authentic Venice. Not to mention his carnival, the most famous in the world with that of Río de Janeiro, every year in February, and his majestic théâtre de Fenice, which reborn from its ashes. Venice is also the rendezvous of Venetian art lovers, constantly renewed thanks to its contemporary artists who pulls through the calli in the memories of the great masters, gathered at the Accademia. San Polo and its twin Santa Croce are a unique opportunity to discover remarkable churches and palaces while the lagoon islands recall the ancient traditions of the city. Swallow the miles to get to this beautiful asleep, before it gets swallowed up…
If a monument to Venice was needed, the Basilica San Marco would certainly be. Its vertiginous beauty sweeps away both the secular and the romantic, and even the most cartesian. The origin of the building dates back to 828, when Venetian merchants seized the remains of Saint Marc and took them away from Egypt. The Basilica of Saint Mark was born in 832 before being ravaged by a fire in 973, then reconstructed and embellished.
Built in accordance with a Greek cross plan, in the image of the church of the Saints-Apostles of Constantinople, this jewel admires first from the outside with its five portals surmounted by five arches and closed by bronze doors of Byzance. Just lift your eyes to the sky to admire, above the central portal, the Loggia dei Cavalli, a quadrige of bronze horses plundered in Constantinople, but also a bold fried frieze composed of Gothic sculptures, not forgetting its five eastern-style cupolas. But the explosion of colors starts with the door and arrived in the narthex (the entrance vestibule) with almost 4,000 m 2 of columns, domes, arcs, chapels of all kinds and a vestibule decorated with mosaics retracing Genesis and Exodus to the ceiling. We let you discover by yourself.
Ready to enter the dark side of the Republic of Venice? The flamboyant Gothic Palace is the seat of the government of Veneto and the private residence of the doge, and the flamboyant Gothic Palace has never seen political intrigues. The facade leaves mouthful of the technical prowess of the masses surprising: How do such fine columns support the weight of such a building? But beauty is inside also with a courtyard surrounded by facetious pink facades carved before imposing marble staircases (La Scala dei Giganti), gold (La Scala d 'Oro) before access to the Renaissance-style magistrates'lounges to the architect Palladio. You will enjoy visiting eight institutional rooms: The Salle des Quatre Portes (Sala delle Quattro Porte) decorated with oriental marbles, Anticolllegio and the Collège du Collège (Sala del Collegio), housed in works by Véronese, Senate Chamber (Sala del Senato), Boussole (Sala della Busato) Sola), or that of the Council, a truly ruthless court. Don't miss the Bridge of Sighs, which is indispensable for the stopover by the New Jails, the highlight of this visit between light and darkness.
To make Venice Carnival is to be lost in another dimension where we plunge with delight: the mystical universe of the Commedia dell 'Arte. This major event was cited as early as 1094 and in 1269 an edict of the Senate made the eve of Lent a holiday authorizing the disguise. From the sixteenth century, the Venetians hold the bauta, composed of a large black cape, the tabarro, a black sheet hood hiding the hair, and a black tricorn. Only the masked and cerebral cardboard mask covering the face is white. In the eighteenth century, the Carnival, taken over by the nobility, abandons the public place for cafes, theaters and gaming circles, and draws Europe as a whole by its excesses tolerated in the greatest anonymity. Banned in the nineteenth century under Napoleonic domination and then Austrian, it is necessary to wait until 1980 for the spectacle to return to the city that stands for 10 days of "masks" and "historical" wearing costumes or uniforms of various ages.
The Carnival's prolog begins with the "Rat Robbery" where a boat corteses with the effigy of a rat that explodes, releasing smoke and confetti, and then the Carnival opens on January 30 with the procession "Des Marie", followed the day after the "Angel's Flight" and closes. with the «Lion Theft».
Immortalized by Shakespeare in the Marchand de Venise, he sums up the charm of the city of Doges. Located at the narrowest place of the Canal Grande, borrowed from the Venetians from coast to shore, this bridge was once simply formed by the coated barks, called quartarole, according to the name of the currency used for the toll: it was enough to dismiss a few of them to allow ships to pass through. In the thirteenth century, this rudimentary bridge was replaced by a wooden bridge. Incendiated, collapsed, several times rebuilt, in 1557 he threatened to fall into ruins again, then Venice decided to finally offer a stone bridge. Several projects were presented, some signed by famous architects of the time, such as Andrea Palladio, Jacopo Sansovino or Vincenzo Scamozzi. It was the project of Antonio Da Ponte that was retained, not invading. The work began in 1588 and ended in 1591. Known for its only arcade, the Rialto Bridge is 48 m wide, 22 m tall and 7.50 m tall, connects San Marco's sestieri, more specifically the Rialto and San Polo districts, and is crossed by three staircases, and a double row of shops. tourists! One last advice: enjoy sunrise to enjoy an unbeatable view of the still asleep waters of the Sérénissim. At the end of the night or in the early morning, it's up to you!
Venice has small sisters that deserve just as much. We have to go through vaporetto to these small islands of the Laguna, remained authentic. Giudecca is the closest and captures the contrast between the old industrial districts coated with the secret gardens and the sumptuous hotels out of earth. Then, at 8 km from Venice, the sublimissim of Burano and its 5,000 inhabitants owe its origin, like Murano and Torcello, to the peoples who once fled the terra ferma. In the life of the century, she was just a district of Torcello.
Its houses with scintillating colors, once the sun comes, its typical pastries (the busolai, the zaeti, the «S» cakes) and its Campanile of the church of San Martino, which is considered about 1.80 m, are all reasons to stop there for a moment. The island still retains its own activity, linked to fishing, but it has earned a worldwide reputation, especially the craft of lace and embroidery, tradition committed since the fifteenth century. It is the craft of the inevitable Murano and its historic glassworks that will move the crowds. But the charm of its alleys will be at its height in the evening, once the flow of tourists is cleared to Saint-Marc, when a quiet charm takes on the island.
The Scuola Grande di San Rocco is located in the San Polo district, at the back of the church of Frari. San Rocco - Saint Roch - born in 1295 in Montpellier, miraculously healed from the plague. In 1485, the brotherhood recovered its relics and transported them to Venice to deposit them. The church, built in 1489 - on the plans of the architect Bartolomeo Bon - and dedicated to the saint, became an annual pilgrimage site of the Doge and Signoria. The facade bears witness to the richness and opulence of this brotherhood with its Corinthian columns glorifying marble and mixing a Renaissance and Gothic style perfectly.
Inside, on the ground floor, you will find a large hall with a set of paintings from the Tintoret, dedicated to the Virgin and childhood of Christ. These are the latest paintings made by the Tintoret at the Scuola: classical scenes such as the Adoration of Shepherds, Leakage in Egypt, the Massacre of the Innocents, the Assumption of the Virgin without forgetting the very beautiful canvas of the Tintoret, Saint Roch treating the victims of the plague (1549), ornament, with 3 other paintings of the same artist, the choir where the relics are housed of the saint. And the large room of the floor will bring you closer to the heavens, with the paintings of the master with the theme of the Old and New Testament and the scene of the Crucifixion occupying the whole pan of a wall… The Scuola Grande di San Rocco can be considered a museum of the Tintoret on its own!
Venice is not just the great masters of the Renaissance! Enjoy the pleasure of discovering contemporary art in the most beautiful Venetian palaces… Some kind of surprising anachronism. Perfectly triangular, the Punta della Dogana building is located at the end of Dorsoduro district and separates the Grand Canal from the Giudecca Canal. The last exhibition space opened in Venice by François Pinault in June 2009, we owe it, as for Palazzo Grassi, to the Japanese architect Tadao Ando with an additional 5,000 m 2 devoted to contemporary art in the city of Doges. This building, originally dedicated to warehouses, was not distorted by its landscaping made of wood, bricks and concrete, in colors of perfect harmony. Lighting combines light with light, the light light coming from openings made in the roof sublimating that coming from one side of the Grand Canal and the Giudecca Canal. You will tell us what you thought of the most beautiful paintings of Rothko, Merz, Twombly or Koons…
Venice is also the Peggy Guggenheim Foundation where priceless treasures of Picasso in Magritte through Mondrian and Kandinsky will immerse you in Cuban art and surrealism. Not forgetting the Venice Biennale from June to November, odd years…
The word ghetto comes from the Italian word geto and the origin of this sestiere (neighborhood) dates back to the sixteenth century, while anti-Semitism was to its maximum in the region with, for example, the Dominican preachers demanding the departure of the Jews. Essential to the economy, the Sernissime found an alternative and allowed them to settle as lender-like lenders, brotherly or doctors, but in an area assigned and closed. And now in 1516 the ghetto of Venice was born on the small island of Cannaregio, the island of Ghetto Nuovo. Over the years, Ghetto Nuovo, Ghetto Vecchio, passing through Ghetto Novissimo, the Jewish quarter, has expanded inexorably with the arrival of Jews from Central Europe or Spain.
Although controlled, the commercial activity of the Jews was flourishing, not to mention the intense religious and cultural foray: construction of synagogues, rabbinical studies center, theaters, music conservatories, literary salons. In the eighteenth century, the Venetians are more tolerant and the distinctive signs are abandoned and then in 1797 Napoleon decides even the abolition of the ghetto. Restored by the Austrians, it will be abolished in 1866. The Petit Futé advises you, Cannaregio, where you can still find synagogues, Jewish bookstores, kasher shops and an authentic neighborhood full of good addresses to eat.
Fenice always reborn from his ashes… The mythical building of the city of Doges, which heard between its walls the symphonies and operas of Stravinsky, Rossini, Prokofiev or Verdi, was able to recover from successive fires in 1836 and more recently on January 29, 1996. The dry canal did not have the water resources to stop the fire. In 2003, after seven years of work, she reopened with the motto Com 'aura e dov' will (As she was and where she was). The architects used the scenes of the film Senso, shot by Visconti in 1954, to reconstruct the interior of the room in the same way. If you don't have the opportunity to get a precious sesame to attend concerts, the visit is unavoidable. Watch the facade, classic Italian invoice, and you will be completely surprised by discovering the belly of the sacred monster in the decidedly baroque style. In "reverse climbing room" you will have a tour of cherubins, allegories, plant ornaments, nymphs and golden leaf cap. Everything is out of step, so make fun, try to give you a night in this theater that has kept its soul intact.