TEMPLE OF LITERATURE (VAN MIEU)

Vintage plate 2018

It has been restored, and the buildings at the back have been rebuilt using traditional methods. Dedicated to Confucius, this temple was built in 1070 according to the plans of the literary pagoda of Kien Fou, the village of origin of the old sage. In 1075, under the impetus of Ly Nhan Tông, it welcomed the College of the Nation's Children, Quôc Tu Giam, instructing the future elite of the kingdom. It was renovated by the Nguyenen at the beginning of the 19th century. The French renamed it the Temple of the Ravens, these birds having made their home there.

The enclosure (350 m by 70 m) is divided into five courtyards. The doors and central aisles were reserved for the king, the lateral ones for the mandarins. The temple is entered through a main door, supported by two square columns that also delimit two so-called side doors on each side. From a Confucian perspective, the use of side doors was a symbol of humility and patience, qualities essential to any candidate. The first garden opens onto a central alleyway that passes between two rectangular ponds. We then pass through the gate of the Great Middle, Dai Trung, to access the second garden, similar to the first. Two ponds are separated by a central alley leading to the Pleiade pavilion, Khuê Van Cac. Its imposing portal is supported this time by four marble columns decorated with dragons. It is a real small pagoda on stilts decorated with suns and geometric shapes that remind us of geomancy, a discipline that was also part of literary examinations. On one of the floors of this small pagoda, the candidates' works were read aloud at the end of the exams. The place was also used for poets' meetings. It was restored in 1802.

The third courtyard is the heart of the temple: on each side of a square basin, the well of the Celestial Light, Thien Quang Tinh, is aligned two rows of 41 stelae each (originally 117). They are dedicated to laureates who received their doctorates between 1498 and 1787. During these four centuries, nearly 1,000 candidates were received. In addition to the competitions for doctorates of letters, this temple was the scene of 124 extraordinary competitions aimed at obtaining titles of nobility or administrative positions. The stelae are supported by a turtle, a symbol of patience, humility and longevity. Among the prizewinners whose stelae are located in the Palace of Literature, some have well-known names: The Vinh, a 15th century mathematician, who won at the age of 23; Nguyên Duy Tai, received in 1598, before becoming a great Vietnamese diplomat; or Bat Tu, who, in the 17th century, introduced the first social reforms in the country. Passing through the last gate, we arrive in the temple enclosure. Built on 40 pillars, it houses the Confucius tablet, framed by cranes and turtles, symbols of longevity. In the fifth courtyard is the college.

On May 19, 2003, the President of the State, Trân Duc Luong, inaugurated four bronze statues of kings Ly Thanh Tông (11th century), Ly Nhân Tông (11th-12th century), Le Thanh Tông (15th century) and Mandarin Chu Van An (1292-1370), who had contributed to the foundation in 1070 and subsequent development of the country's first college (Quôc Tu Giam). The statues were cast by craftsmen from the traditional bronze working village of Ngu Xa (Hanoi).

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TEMPLE OF LITERATURE (VAN MIEU)

Quôc Tu Giam
  Hanoi
Vietnam
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Members' reviews on TEMPLE OF LITERATURE (VAN MIEU)

General note: 4.5/5
Value for money
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32 reviews
4/5
Value for money
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Originality
Visited in february 2020
Calme
Temple du confucianisme, nous l'avons visité dans une période assez calme.
Les différents batiments sont en très bon état.
Il y a des panneaux qui donnent des renseignements dans les différentes parties du site.
Notice filed on 02/27/2020 
5/5
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Visited in november 2019
Grand temple et jardins !
Payez l'entrée par la porte Sud et pénétrez dans ce grand temple de la littérature au milieu de Hanoï. Vous passez facilement 2h à vous balader dans les jardins et les pagodes.
Notice filed on 12/28/2019 
4/5
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Originality
Visited in november 2018
Beau(x) temple(s)
Ensemble de cours et de temple dans le centre d'Hanoi. Nous recommandons d'y passer une bonne heure.
Notice filed on 09/28/2019 
5/5
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Visited in august 2019
Ce beau temple vient comme une bulle paisible au milieu de la vie et du bruit d'Hanoi. Les bâtiments sont magnifiques, il y a de nombreux jardins et la visite est interessante.
Notice filed on 08/31/2019 
5/5
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Originality
Visited in july 2019
première université du Vietnam
Bel endroit un peu caché dans la grouillante Hanoï, parc arboré et bien entretenu et magnifique temple qui rappelle combien les connaissances sont essentiels à l'esprit
Notice filed on 08/31/2019 
5/5
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Visited in june 2019
Un incontournable
Un bâtiment unique dédié à Confucius et sa philosophie mais aussi lieux de sélection des élite du pays. Endroit relativement calme et reposant avec un audio-guide disponible en supplément.
Notice filed on 06/03/2019 
5/5
Value for money
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Visited in april 2018
Un temple plein de charme
Beaucoup de beaux monuments, un endroit à ne pas rater plein de belles choses à voir et parfois si vous êtes à la bonne saison le plaisir d'y voir les étudiants fêter leurs diplômes et la fin de leurs études en grande tenue
Notice filed on 03/28/2019 
4/5
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Originality
Visited in january 2019
Temple de la Littérature
Ce temple est vraiment belle et unique. C'est un symbole de la ville de Hanoi. J'ai vu l'image de ce temple dans les timbres, ou sur la télé. Je vous conseille d'y aller pendant le Têt ou en nouvelle ans lunaire!
Notice filed on 02/23/2019 
4/5
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Originality
Visited in january 2019
Superbe endroit calme
Le temple de la littérature est un endroit calme et reposant, regroupant plusieurs bâtiments dans un vaste domaine. Lieu d'histoire, il est une bulle de calme dans Hanoï.
Notice filed on 02/04/2019 
5/5
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Visited in december 2018
Un lieu d'exception, par son calme, sa sérénité, ses jardins poétiques dans une capitale polluée, très bruyante et plutôt stressante. Il est aussi un site historique intéressant.
Notice filed on 01/15/2019 
5/5
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Visited in january 2019
Visite le dimanche, donc moins paisible et surtout à la période des remises de diplômes avec de nombreux groupes se faisant prendre en photo. A ne pas manquer pour le lieu, l’architecture et l’ambiance.
Notice filed on 01/13/2019 
5/5
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Visited in april 2018
Ce temple possède une architecture très originale. L'histoire de ce temple et Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam est vraiment intéressante aussi.
Notice filed on 12/03/2018 
4/5
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Originality
Visited in may 2018
Le temple est vraiment très beau ainsi que son jardin. L'endroit est calme et reposant. Je vous le conseille vivement.
Notice filed on 12/02/2018 
5/5
Value for money
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Originality
Visited in april 2018
Très beau temple situé au centre de la ville. Intéressant.
Notice filed on 04/28/2018 
5/5
Value for money
Service
Originality
Visited in april 2018
visite à faire absolument! Avec une visite guidée pour connaître la philosophie de vie de Confucius. Temple et jardin magnifiques!
Notice filed on 04/23/2018 

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