Founded in 1635, the city quickly became the centre of economic and cultural activity in the Caribbean area. The "Little Paris of the West Indies" then had a theatre, consulates, a botanical garden and a unique architecture. On May 8, 1902, while the legislative elections were in full swing, the volcano resounded and thick black smoke emanated from it. The city is then the target of an insane heat rain of rock and mud. The eruption destroys and submerges the 2,985 homes in 103 streets, its 26,000 inhabitants and the ships in the bay. Saint-Pierre then covers an area of 75 ha, the capital of Martinique is plunged into darkness. The volcano had been showing signs of activity since April 1902, a month before it exploded. From then on, the ministry should have evacuated the city, witnessing his awakening. It is listed as one of the deadliest natural disasters of the 20th century and the deadliest eruption in the world since Krakatoa in 1883. Since 1990, Saint-Pierre has been classified as a City of Art and History by the Historical Monuments. On the occasion of the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the eruption of Mount Pelée, the association Saint-Pierre 2002 organized a major international event: Les Grand'Voiles de la Martinique. It was a gathering of the world's largest sailing ships and old rigs, similar to the one organized in Rouen in 1994 (The Freedom Armada). Numerous events accompanied this event, which took place from 5 to 8 May 2002.
The forgotten "capital", the former "Little Paris" of the West Indies, the rival of Fort-de-France, the city of Mont Pelé... There is no shortage of appellations for Saint-Pierre, which seems to be waking up more and more from its deep lethargy thanks to tourism. It is strongly associated with green tourism (a specialised centre in the city) and diving (several clubs in and around the city), and Saint-Pierre hotels, such as the Surcouf residence, do not fail to attract a clientele interested in these two areas. On the seaside, we will have to forget the postcard image because, despite the Caribbean Sea, the only beach is the one in the bay. However, water activities are offered and there are several other beaches in the vicinity, between Le Carbet and Le Prêcheur. Notes for those concerned: like the vast majority of northern municipalities, the choice of Saint-Pierre as a place to stay is rarely a matter of chance. However, many divers and hikers visit this area or nearby. Commune of the North, the picturesque answers inevitably present, but the amateurs of postcard beaches will have to turn towards the South.
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