Nieul-sur-Mer was for several years the fief of Georges Simenon, the father of the famous commissioner Maigret - a former grand patron of the Quai des Orfèvres also took up residence here -, it was also famous since the 13th century for its white wine - until the phylloxera disaster at the end of the 19th century -, its Saint-Philibert church, built in the 13th century during the Hundred Years War, has a remarkable fortified bell tower - listed as a Historic Monument. You will also discover that the hamlet of Lauzières alone has about fifty oyster and mussel farmers. In the 16th century, the peculiarity of its port - surrounded by cliffs making access to the sea difficult - led to its being surveyed by the king's engineers in search of the future location of the royal arsenal on the Atlantic coast. But the short distance with La Rochelle, a Protestant place generating competition, will make that in spite of the interest of the site, the choice will be made on Rochefort-sur-Mer, located 30 km further south...

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