The 10 most impressive volcanoes!
A volcano and its eruptions can make you miss your holiday like in April 2010 with the Eyjafjöll in Iceland. But yet an active volcano, its lava flows and ash projections, is THE trip to the center of the Earth that everyone dreams of, as long as you always remain careful. Le Petit Futé takes you from Kilimanjaro to Mount Fuji via Vesuvius for a torrid encounter with some of the most beautiful volcanoes on Earth. Nature's elements full of mysteries, it is important to keep one thing in mind: always be wary of the sleeping volcano..
One of the only volcanoes in continental Europe to erupt in the 20th century (along with Etna), it was responsible for the destruction of Pompeii, now a prestigious archaeological site in Italy. Located in the south of the Apennine mountain range, it can be seen from Naples, much to the delight of visitors who criss-cross the city. And for those who want to try its ascent, the view of the Bay of Naples from the top of its 1,281 metres is worth all the gold in the world... While the landscape below is made up of vineyards and vegetation, the walk to the heights of the volcano reveals rocks and solidified lava flows
Located on the island of Java, halfway between the city of Surabaya and the Kawah Ijen, the Bromo opens onto a crater 800 meters in diameter. It is one of the must-sees for all those who wish to discover the treasures of Indonesia. Still active, it recently erupted in 2015. Don't miss out on an expedition at sunrise, as the change of colours is striking. The luckiest will even admire the fumes of the Semeru in the distance and the Batok. These two other volcanoes share the landscape with the Bromo and take place in the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
Mount Fuji (Japan)
A true national icon immortalized by the masters of printmaking, Mount Fuji has a proud look and has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Although it has been dormant since 1707, the 3,776-metre-high peak of the Japanese archipelago can explode at any moment. It is moreover this last eruption that gave it this appearance with an almost perfect symmetry. What gives it such a special beauty also comes from the fact that snow covers it for a very large part of the year, as if to make it an element of nature of absolute purity. Most Japanese people wish to climb it at least once in their lives, which they do several thousand times a year, especially in July and August.
Nyiragongo (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
It is an active stratovolcano that is part of the Virunga volcanic chain in Africa. Be careful not to get too close to your screen, it's a real furnace! Located in the valley of the Great Rift Valley, it culminates at an altitude of 3,500 m and its crater is about 1,200 m in diameter. Inside is one of the few lava lakes on the planet. In 1977, an eruption caused the death of several thousand people and in 2002 another eruption destroyed the city centre of Goma. Its proximity to populated areas makes it one of the most dangerous volcanoes on the African continent.
45 km from Quito and 5,897 meters high, it is considered one of the most dangerous in the world. It is the second highest peak in Ecuador, just behind Chimborazo. Proof that its dimensions give vertigo, its name means "neck of the moon" in the Quechua language. In all seasons, its impressive crater is surrounded by snow and ice, and anyone planning to climb it must be in excellent health, be accompanied and have solid experience in the field. It erupted for the last time in 2015, after having slept for almost 75 years
Located in northeastern Tanzania and composed of three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi and Shira, Uhuru is the highest point in all Africa with nearly 5,890 meters above sea level. Inactive for a very long time, the bravest can climb Kilimanjaro. The first ascent of the volcano by Yohanas Kinyala Lauwo, Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller took place on 6 October 1889. Today, many hikers and climbers want to try their luck. The best times are outside the rainy seasons, i.e. from July to October or in January and February, and it takes courage and patience as it takes 6 to 10 days to reach the summit and back
The Kawah Ijen (Indonesia)
Once again, we headed to Indonesia to look at the "Green Crater" in Javanese, one of the country's main centres of sulphur exploitation. Culminating at 2,300 m high, it is possible to make its ascent, and this is even strongly recommended since a nice surprise awaits the walkers once they arrive at the top. Its crater reveals a beautiful turquoise lake. However, be careful of the acid rising which could prevent you from descending as close to the lake as possible. All around this exceptional site which offers a feeling of being at the end of the world, you can see the sulphur carriers equipped with baskets and carts
IIrazú (Costa Rica)
Irazú is an active volcano that is also the highest in Costa Rica. In a lunar landscape, three craters can be observed during an expedition: the main crater as well as the Diego de la Haya crater and Playa Hermosa. At the summit, at more than 3,500 meters, you can also admire a bright green acid lake, a color that contrasts sharply with the black minerals of the surrounding area. If the last eruption dates back to 1994, the 1723 eruption destroyed the city of Cartago and the 1963 eruption made a lasting impression as that day US President John F. Kennedy was visiting the city
The Maeliffel (Iceland)
On the edge of the Myrdalsjökull glacier, this volcanic cone, with a peak of 800 m high and made up of ash and solidified lava projections, was born from one of the many eruptions that occurred under the cap of the Myrdalsjökull glacier. It owes its green appearance to a moss proliferating on the cooled lava, the grimmia. The setting is one of the most surreal in Iceland, as the volcano stands majestically in the middle of a large flat area covered with black ash. For those who want to feel like they're on another planet for a few moments, this volcano is definitely the place to go.
Sombrero Chino Island (Galapagos)
The tiny island of Sombrero Chino, southeast of Santiago Island, is of volcanic origin and administratively part of the Galapagos Province. Its name evokes its hat-like shape. Boat expeditions are organized to reach the island, but beware, access is limited by quotas. Once there, one must take the time to contemplate the fauna, with sea lions but also marine black iguanas. Another interesting activity to do in the area is snorkelling. So, are you ready to take the plunge?