With their telluric scenery of mountains split by the sea, the mouths of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) seem straight out of a Scandinavian landscape. A northern landscape to which the multitude of churches, chapels and palaces with Gothic and Venetian influences give a typically Dalmatian touch. The 28-kilometre long Dalmatian fjord is made up of several inland gulfs connected by deep channels. This sinuous Dalmatian fjord is one of the best natural harbours in the region and was one of the main military naval bases in the former Yugoslavia. The high, steeply sloping mountains overlooking the thin coastline protect it from the northern climate. Thus, Boka is an oasis of Mediterranean vegetation.

The bay is naturally divided into four sub-regions: Herceg Novi, Risan, Kotor and Tivat. Like jewels, the small towns, treasures of history and art, are scattered along its coastline. Protected by solid defensive constructions, Kotor was for centuries the crossroads of the Adriatic trade routes, under the powerful influence of Venice and then the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Dobrota is a small town that has preserved many palaces of former sailors and shipowners. Perast is home to many famous sailors. At Risan, once a capital of ancient Illyria, archaeological excavations have uncovered the remains of a Roman patrician villa with mosaic floors dating from the 2nd century AD. Herceg Novi is a flowery town with all its windows facing the sun and the sea. Herceg Novi has preserved within its walls the traces of its turbulent history. Situated at the entrance to the bay, it is now a peaceful town, appreciated by artists and renowned for its particularly mild microclimate.

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